News Archive

Highlights from the 5th Trends in Medical Mycology 2011

ECCMID-ICC 2011 - IFD meeting report FINAL

Molecular Microbiology News vol.1/2011

Forum on Advances of Aspergillus succeeded in Chengdu


short report of the very successful Black yeast workshop in Ljubljana

Medical Mycology Course in Chengdu, China

Malassezia and the skin Sciense and Clinical Practice

Courses in China read report

PhD position in Biodiversity Assessment

Journal of Infectious Diseases and immunity

Reference Laboratory for Echinocandin Resistance

Pre-TIMM-ISHAM Practical workshop Athens, October 16-17, 2009
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece. Read Report

2 Postdoctoral positions Hans-Knöll- Institute (HKI)

The full abstracts of the very successful ISHAM Congress in Tokyo, 25-29 May, 2009 are now freely available. Your contributions can now be cited. The abstracts contain summaries of keynotes, oral presentations as well as all posters. click here

Research Fellowships Medical Mycology

ISHAM 2009 Satellite Symposia held on May 29 - 31, Beijing, China

Postdoctoral position Hans-Knöll- Institute (HKI)

Pan-African Medical Mycology Society (PAMMS) was held 25-27 February, 2009 in Abuja, Nigeria
| Final program

Report from the 35th Annual Meeting of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, Göteborg, Sweden, 29 March – 1 April 2009

The Proceedings of the ISHAM congress in Tokyo, May 25-29, 2007 (More info ) will be freely available on the ISHAM website. Your abstract will thus remain fully citable. We also note that several ISHAM Working Groups have expressed their interest  to organize meetings at the congress center. A program will be made available in due course.

The Pasteur Institute in  Paris, France, will inaugurate a new international PhD program in collaboration with several major Paris universities. The Doctoral Program offers training in a large variety of topics including Medical Mycology ... More info.

The next meeting on Emerging Diseases and Surveillance (IMED 2009) will be held in Vienna, Austria, 13-16 February, 2009. Abstract submission and registration are now open ... More info

The 26th International Congress of Chemotherapy (ICC), organized by a consortium of societies, will be held in Toronto, Canada, 18-21 June, 2009. The theme of the congress is "The Changing Climate of Infectious Diseases" ... More info.

The next meeting of the French Society of Medical Mycology (SFMM) will take place in Poitiers, France, June 18-19, 2009. For information, contact

A next textbook on Aspergillus and aspergillosis by J.P. Latgé and W.J. Steinbach has appeared ... More info.

Dr. William Kaplan, DVM has passed away at the age of 86.  He was an ISHAM member from the founding and was the recipient of the Lucille Georg Award in 1988 in Barcelona. An obituary can be found here.

The Mycetoma Research Centre (MRC) in Khartoum, Sudan has recently moved to its new premises at Soba University Hospital. MRC was established in 1991 to provide an integrated high quality medical care for Mycetoma patients, superb research and excellent education and teaching in the various aspects of Mycetoma. The MRC website address is

Imedex has started e-learning activity specifically designed for infectious disease physicians, oncologists, hematologists and other healthcare professionals who have an interest in or who care for patients who are at risk for fungal sepsis. An example case of aspergillosis can be found at

Issue 46-7 of Medical Mycology is now freely available on-line for ISHAM members, click here. See also iFirst for papers in forthcoming issues.

The antifungal susceptibility testing subcommittee of EUCAST ( ) has approved standards for testing of yeast and moulds. In addition, breakpoints for fluconazole and voriconazole have been developed. Standards documents can be FREE downloaded from EUCAST WEB page (Click on Documents submenu) as well as the rationale documents for breakpoints (Click on Clinical Breakpoints and Epidemiological Cutoffs Values submenu).

The Mycology / Parasitology Division of the Robert Koch Institut in Berlin, Germany has a position available for an investigator in the area of pathogenesis.

Two PhD positions are available at the JSMC and the ILRS in Jena, Germany. Information can be provided by Prof. Berhard Hube,

The ISHAM-affiliated Mycology Study Group (MSG) will organize a reception and brief meeting at the forthcoming ICAAC meeting, 26 October, 2009, in Washington, U.S.A. The agenda is posted here.

The Institut Pasteur is renewing its international call for candidates wishing to create junior research groups on its campus in Paris, France. Information can be found at the ISHAM website here.

The ISHAM Working Group on paracoccidioidomycosis wrote a report on activities of the WG; it can be found here.

The 2nd African Conference onEdible and Medicinal Mushrooms (ACEMM) will be held in Accra, Ghana, March 24-28, 2009. For info, go to .

Vacancy at Robert Koch Institut

PhD Fellowship on the topic Host pathogen interactions of human pathogenic yeast

PhD Student Position Transcriptional profiling and characterisation of Candida albicans infection-associated
genes during host-pathogen interactions

Institut Pasteur Group Leader Positions

The Institut Pasteur is renewing its international call for candidates wishing to create junior research groups on its Paris, France campus. The call is open to researchers in all disciplines currently covered by the Institut Pasteur (Virology, Immunology, Parasitology, Mycology, Cell Biology, Infectiology, Epidemiology, Microbiology, Structural Biology, Chemistry, Neuroscience, Genomics, Genetics, Developmental Biology and In Silico Biology). The deadline for applications is December 31, 2008. Short-listed candidates will be called for interview in March-April 2009 and decisions will be announced on June 30.

Candidates should have up to 8 years postdoctoral experience. Successful candidates will be appointed as head of a group of 5-6 people for a period of 5 years. The budget (up to 1,350,000€ over 5 years) includes the salary for the group leader (if necessary), a three-year postdoctoral position, a technician, basic laboratory equipment, a major contribution to running costs and essential major equipment, and access to on-campus facilities including state-of-the-art technology platforms.

Candidates should send their formal applications by mail and, as a single pdf file, by E-mail to the Director of Scientific Evaluation, Prof. Alain Israël, at the Institut Pasteur (25, rue du Dr. Roux, 75724 Paris, France;

The Application must include the following:
1.         A brief introductory letter that includes an indication of the department in which the proposed group             might be created (candidates are encouraged to contact heads of department before submitting             their applications).
2.         A Curriculum Vitae and a full list of publications.
3.         A description of past and present research activities (5 pages with 1.5 spacing).
4.         The proposed research project (10 pages with 1.5 spacing).
5.         The names of 3 scientists from whom letters of recommendation can be sought, together with the             names of scientists with a potential conflict of interest from whom evaluations should not be                      requested.

ISHAM NEWS (08/10/2008)

At the ISHAM congress in Tokyo, 25-29 May, 2009, a meeting will be organized to discuss current results and future plans of the 22 ISHAM Working Groups, click here. The meeting is open to anyone interested; please click here for the agenda.

ISHAM welcomes a new Working Group on Zygomycoses, see here. This is an established WG of the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) but has decided also to join ISHAM in view of internationalization. Convener is Dr G. Petrikkos, or .

A new version of the Penn State Fusarium-ID (previously sequence identification database is in progress, and a new update will be up by the end of 2008.  In the current version, you can generate a translation elongation factor 1-alpha sequence and BLAST it against the database of 445 sequences from vouchered, publicly available cultures. The new version ( will include sequences from more genes and far more isolates, with additional features and downloadable data.

New guidelines for susceptibility testing of fungi are available from the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) and can be purchased at the CLSI website .

An interesting call is opened: Innovative Approaches to Target Identification and Assay Development for Fungal Diagnosis (R21/R33), see here . This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA), is  issued by the NIAID, National Institutes of Health, and solicits applications to foster collaborative efforts between the mycology research community and the innovative technology sector to develop novel clinical diagnostic targets and subsequent assays for invasive aspergillosis (IA) and other invasive fungal diseases common to immunocompromised or immunosuppressed patients. Ultimately, research sponsored in response to this FOA should lead to the development of a novel diagnostic test(s) for detection of invasive fungal disease(s) that must include invasive aspergillosis. For scientific questions, please contact Rory A. Duncan,

The symposium in Beijing, China, May 30-31, 2009, which is a satellite of the ISHAM congress in Tokyo, is getting shape. This is an excellent opportunity to get acquainted with emerging Chinese mycology. For full information on the meeting, click here.

Issue 46-6 of Medical Mycology is now freely available on-line for ISHAM members, click here. For your convenience the contents of the issue is listed below. See also iFirst for papers in forthcoming issues. This new issue contains the following articles:

The Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Utrecht, The Netherlands, has a vacancy for a research group leader. Applicants may find info at the CBS website.

At the ISHAM congress at Tokyo, May 25-29, 2009, a significant amount of attention will devoted to posters, so that all participants will have ample opportunity to present their work. Every day there will be viewing as well as oral poster sessions, see here . In addition, twelve poster prizes will be given  to posters of highest quality.

The ISHAM congress will host a meeting for ISHAM affiliated organizations. The meeting is open to anyone volunteering to stimulate medical mycology is all its aspects. Major theme is the promote networking and providing facilities for joint research. The agenda is posted on the ISHAM website.

A report on the latest meeting on Paracoccidioidomycosis (see here) has been written by Neil Gow and is available on the ISHAM website.

ISHAM congratulates its active members Angela Restrepo and Gioconda San-Blas with their election as honorary members of the Mycological Society of the Americas. For a report, see our website.

The ISHAM website has started a new section for your convenience: Guidelines, Recommendations, and Essential Reviews, see here. First items available are: guidelines on disease criteria and nomenclature, treatment of invasive fungi, blastomycosis and aspergillosis, overviews of cerebral diseases. Contributions to this area may be submitted to the General Secretary

A  Medical Mycology course will be offered in Chengdu City, Sichuan province, China from 18-24 March, 2009. The title will be: “Fungus Diseases: Technical, Clinical and Research”.
The course will include lectures on basic mycology, clinical and therapeutic aspects of all the mycoses, given by Medical Mycology authorities from all over China and overseas. In addition to daily lectures a complete wet lab will be presented.  This course is designed for physicians, technical and research personnel.
The course will be held on the campus of West China Hospital, Sichuan University. On campus housing and dining facilities are available as well as nearby hotels.
The course is organized by Ran Yuping, Professor of Dermatology.  For more information and/or reservations contact him at:  

Restrepo and San-Blas elected honorary members of MSA. Inoculum 59(5) - Sept. - 08

The ISHAM webarea “Protocols in Diagnostic and Clinical Mycology” now contains some new, very useful protocols on RNA isolation and DNA microarray.

We plan to start a section “Guidelines and Recommendations” on our website very soon. This will also. be used by ISHAM Working Groups to publicize their practical outcomes. But there will be place for many more items of general interest. You may send your contribution to the General Secretary .

The very successful, ISHAM-sponsored 10th International Congress on Paracoccidioidomycosis, held in Medellin, Columbia, August 7 – 10, 2008, is described here. The full proceedings of this meeting are available on the ISHAM website: click here.

At the next ISHAM congress in Tokyo ( ) a meeting will be organized for our 33 affiliated organizations. This meeting will be open to anyone volunteering to become active in promoting medical mycology. If you have any items for the agenda (which will be published soon), and / or any suggestions or queries concerning your society that might be of general interest, please let us know: mail to the ISHAM president.

On the occasion of the ISHAM congress in Tokyo (click), May 25-29, 2009, a pilot-version of the 3rd edition of the Atlas of Clinical Fungi (click) will be presented. This will be a CD version, in English as well as in Chinese, Japanese and Korean languages. Buyers will later receive a free update of the final 3rd edition, which is expected to appear in 2010.

You may register already for the ISHAM Tokyo Congress, May 25-29, 2009. Early-bird reduced fees are valid when paid before January 29, 2009. Full information on accommodation can be found here . The international advisory board of this congress can be found here

ISHAM welcomes the Medical and Veterinary section of the All-Russian National Academy of Mycology as an affiliated organization. The Academy has offices and representations in 49 regions of Russia, and total membership of the medical section is 252. Yearly congresses are organized. Major projects of the Medical Section are nation-wide awareness of tinea pedis and onychomycosis (Hotline Project 2001-2002, more than 30000 patients examined), epidemiological surveys and support for the development of PCR primers for Trichophyton and Microsporum species. Please visit their website at .

A new ISHAM Working Group on Molecular Diagnostics has been initiated by Arun Balajee ( For a short description and info, click here.

The ISHAM WG Fungiscope ( ) now obtains contributions from all over the world, including Asia, South America and Europe; presently more than 40 rare invasive fungal infections were registered. A new, user-friendly documentation system is being implemented. Under “Data entry”, the button “Please take me to the data entry” will redirect you to the new documentation system. A password can be obtained via

The latest Newsletter of the Mycology Study Group is available on the ISHAM website click here . Please pay special attention to the announcement of the ICAAC/IDSA Meeting in Washington, U.S.A., October 25, 2008, where three symposia will be supported by MSG: “An update on Cryptococcosis”, “The Antifungal Formulary”, and “Top Ten Papers in Mycology”.

Report from the 13th International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ICID), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 19-22 June 2008.

13th Congress of the Asia Pacific Blood and Marrow Transplantation (APBMT) Group, Taipei, Taiwan, April 25-27, 2008 Report on Treatment Trends for Fungal Infections

The program of the ISHAM congress in Tokyo, 25-29 May, 2009, is shaping up well. It will be an incredibly information-dense event, with 5-6 parallel sessions each day; for an overview, Click here Details on the individual symposia will be available soon. Each day several luncheon seminars are scheduled, and every evening a pleasant and interesting activity will be organized. Keynote lectures can be found here . In addition, several ISHAM Working Groups will hold their meetings.

In this era of the Internet and information revolution, the role of congresses is gradually changing, yet they provide a valuable opportunity for people to people contact and mutual sharing of the latest research, findings and case reports, which is the foremost aim in convening ISHAM2009. We look forward to welcoming lots of participants to Japan! Shinjuku is one of the most exciting areas of Tokyo, Japan's capital, where you will enjoy both the traditional and modern, high-tech facets of Japan today. Registration for ISHAM2009 is now open, Click here and it is hoped that many colleagues and associates will join us for ISHAM2009.

Issue 46-5 of Medical Mycology is now freely available on-line for ISHAM members, click here. See also iFirst for papers in forthcoming issues.

Mycologists under 35 and having a great career in mind become ISHAM member. You will get your money back when you participate in the next ISHAM congress, see . Young members present in Tokyo will receive an extra gift worth $ 100,-; Click here for further information.

Are you interested in hosting a future ISHAM Congress? The Council looks forward to receiving bids for 2012 and beyond. Invitations to host the ISHAM Congress in 2012 must reach the General Secretary at least five months before the General Assembly being held during the ISHAM 2009 Congress in Tokyo, May 25-29. All invitations must be supported by at least three members who provide in writing an indication of their willingness to undertake the task of organization and their proposals for administration of the Congress. We look forward to hearing from you!

The newly established Center for Innovation Competence (CIC) SEPTOMICS in Jena, Germany has vacancies for Group Leader positions, Click here for further information. The institute plans to launch two Junior Research Groups: Fungal Septomics and Host Septomics, from January 2009 onwards. For more information, please contact one of the speakers or the coordinator of the CIC at the SEPTOMICS-Website.

The 9th International Meeting "Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics of Infectious Diseases" (MEEGID IX), will be held at UC Irvine, California, U.S.A.; Click here for further information. Communications on genetics, genomics, proteomics, phylogenetics, population biology, mathematical modeling, and bioinformatics are welcome. They can report on the host, the pathogen, or the vector for vector-borne diseases.

The Chinese Society for Microbiology and the Medical Mycology Society of China held their Annual Meeting 20-23 June, 2008 on a cruise ship trip from Chongqing (Sichuan province) to Wuhan (Hubei province). A report of this event entitled “New Advances in Medical Mycology in 2008” can be found here.

A new database for identification of Trichoderma including medical species has been launched at , the official website of the International Subcommission on Trichoderma and Hypocrea Taxonomy. It contains three online programs for molecular species identification: TrichOKEY, a DNA oligonucleotide BarCode program, which identifies 95% of known Hypocrea/Trichoderma species and distinguishes potentially new species or alleles. And TrichoMARK, a program which trims sequence fragments for a subsequent similarity search that significantly increases the accuracy of the similarity search in TrichoBLAST ;or NCBI BLAST; and TrichoBLAST, a multiloci local alignment each tool against a verified database of Hypocrea/Trichoderma sequences (three phylogenetic loci: tef1, ITS1 and 2 and rpb2.

IN SEARCH OF EXCELLENCE! SEPTOMICS Friedrich Schiller University Jena
Read more: English | German

The Chinese Society for Microbiology and the Medical Mycology Society of China held their Annual Meeting 20-23 June, 2008..... Read more

The ISHAM congress in Tokyo, Japan, May 25-29, 2009 (  ) will provide extra opportunities to present your work for an audience of colleagues from around the world. A new Poster Presentation Forum will be launched, in addition to the regular poster exhibitions. Poster presenters in the PPF will have 5 minutes of oral presentation may show 5 slides, and receive 1 question. Case reports are particularly welcome. We look forward with enthusiasm to see many young researchers and clinicians in these sessions.

The American Academy of Microbiology has released its newest colloquium report, “The Fungal Kingdom: Diverse and Essential Roles in Earth’s Ecosystem.” 

Sichuan dermatologists’ action on 5.12 Wenchuan earthquake rebuild

The program for the ISHAM congress in Tokyo 2009, , is taking shape. A wide array of presentations is scheduled, with many parallel sessions. Among the keynote lectures will be the following:

Kyung J. Kwon-Chung: Intrinsic heteroresistance of Cryptococcus neoformans to azoles: A survival mechanism of the fungus under stress.
David Ellis: Dancing with Fungus.
Neil Gow: The Candida cell wall: biosynthesis, immune recognition and adaptation to stress.
Kieren A. Marr: Immunologic risks for fungal infections: Translating knowledge into targeted prevention strategies.

We welcome the affiliation of the Turkish Microbiological Society to ISHAM. More news on this society will be posted on the ISHAM website soon

We are happy to welcome the Austrian Society for Medical Mycology as an ISHAM-affiliated society. This is an active, long-established society with 110 members. You may like to visit their website at .

The British Society for Medical Mycology has set up adistance learning-based course in the theory and practice of medical mycology, by means of DVDs, web-based materials and practical courses. The course is flexible and taught in a modular format, allowing the student to take between three and five years until graduation. Click here for further information

A new journal is launched by the British Medical Journal: “BMJ Case Reports”, see . This journal aims to publish a high volume of cases in all disciplines so that healthcare professionals, researchers and others can easily find clinically important information on common and rare conditions. A further initiative concerning case reports, focusing on clinical education, is Fungal Infections Virtual Grand Rounds; click .

At the Jena School for Microbial Communication (JSMC) in Jena, Germany, a PhD position is available on the theme “Host pathogen interactions of human pathogenic yeast”. Click here for further information, or contact Prof. Dr. B. Hube, +49-3641-532-1401, .

ISHAM has the “Carolyn Halden Fund” for modest sponsoring of those who are unable to pay the costs of membership to our society, see Click here for further information . If you know anyone who might like to become a member but need this support, please advice the candidate to contact the General Secretary.

Next year we expect to see you all at the ISHAM congress in Tokyo. For those of you who think this is too expensive, take a look here! We give you some examples how you can keep costs within reasonable limits. The congress is really cheap for early birds, ISHAM members and good calculators!

Information on the congress can be found here . New data on accommodation is given here . The detailed scientific will be provided soon. We already announce a meeting specially scheduled for ISHAM-affiliated societies (listed here ). Coordinators of societies are requested to attend this meeting, where we will discuss opportunities to internationalize your activities. The ISHAM Working Groups (listed here ) will take a prominent place at the ISHAM congress. Please also take a look at the satellite symposium in Beijing (here ).   

Mark your calendars and plan to attend the Forty-third Annual Meeting of the Medical Mycological Society of the Americas in Boston, MA on June 2, 2008 at the Parris Restaurant, Faneuil Hall, 250 Quincy Market Building ((617) 248-9900) at 5:30PM. Please refer to the MMSA website for more details.

Earthquake China

ISHAM announces with great sadness that one of our founding members, Prof. Gabriel Segretain, has passed away at the age of 95. An obituary can be found at the ISHAM website

A new quarterly review journal in medical mycology has been started: the Journal of Invasive Fungal Infections, with John Perfect as editor-in-chief. For full information and online access, click .

Entering its second year of publication, Current Fungal Infection Reports is one of the Current Reports journals that were originally developed to enable specialists to keep up to date with the expanding volume of information in their field. Themes covered so far include epidemiology, genomics and pathogenesis, pharmacology of new antifungal agents, therapy, diagnosis and much more. Each issue contains a web alert. The editorial team is headed up by Andreas Groll and Carol Kauffman. The journal is published quarterly by the Current Medicine group and is published both in paper and electronic formats. Click here for further information.

Report, fungal sinusitis workshop
The working group on ‘Fungal Sinusitis’ organized a Workshop during 9 - 11 February 2008 at Chandigarh, India.

Report Medical Mycology West China
During the last week of March, 2008, a highly successful Medical Mycology course was presented in Chengdu City, Sichuan province in West China.

A symposium report of the 34th Annual Meeting of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, held in Florence, Italy, 30 March – 2 April 2008, can be found on the ISHAM website at

A new tool for fast and reliable identification of dermatophytes, using validated barcodes based on ITS sequences, has been made freely available at the CBS website: click . The database uses taxonomy and materials provided by Y. Gräser, Berlin.

A new Working Group has joined ISHAM: ‘Fungiscope’, aiming at global registration of rare fungal infections. The group plans to interact with other ISHAM WGs with expertise on particular groups of uncommon fungi. Clinicians are invited to deposit their data; this will be sponsored. Information on the initiative can be found at .

The American Society for Microbiology is seeking highly qualified individuals to work as consultants for capacity building of international HIV/AIDS microbiology laboratories in resource-poor, French-speakingcountries, Click here for further information.

Routine identifications of uncommon pathogens using GenBank often gives erroneous results, because the quality of depositions may be poor. A large consortium of mycologists wrote a letter to Science, advocating more inter-active correction process of deposited data; see .

A new book on Aspergillus genomics has recently been published, edited by S.A. Osmani and G.H. Goldman, entitled “The Aspergilli: Genomics, Medical Aspects, Biotechnology, and Research Methods”. For information, see ISHAM website .

A new area has been added to the ISHAM website: “Protocols in Diagnostic and Clinical Mycology”. A first set of molecular protocols is now freely available at

A report of a meeting of the ISHAM Working Group “Genotyping of Cryptococcus”, held at the TIMM congress in Torino, Italy, October 2007, is now available in the WG area of the ISHAM website; please click here.

The Chinese National Symposium for Medical Mycology was held in the beautiful seacoast resort city of Qingdao, Oct. 11-13, 2007.
Click to see the report.

The Fungal Pathogenesis Forum: a new bulletin-based discussion web site.
Click here for further information

PAMMSMeeting Report: 2nd PAMMS Conference
Cape Town, May 6-8, 2007
Click here for the report

Meeting Report: EBMT
Lyon, March 24-28, 2007
Click here for the report

Meeting Report: ECCMID
Munich, March 31-April 3, 2007
Click here for the report

Medical Mycology Course in West China: 29 March to 2nd April 2007
Click here for a report

British Society for Medical Mycology/University College London Diploma/MSc in Medical Mycology
Applications from overseas student now welcomed.
Click here for further information


Recent Educational Events in China

Medical Mycology Course in West China

ANNOUNCEMENT: It is with sadness that we announce the death of Dr John P. Utz who died on April 4 in Naples, Florida, USA.

Meeting report: 14th International Symposium on Infections In the Immunocompromised Host
Crans-Montana, Switzerland
July 2-5, 2006

Meeting report: ECCMID 2006

ANNOUNCEMENT: ISHAM Working Group on Black Yeasts

SYMPOSIUM REPORT: Practice Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Fungal Infection, Chandigarh, India



The field of mycology and the mycologists who populate it lost one of its most talented and illustrious members this year when George S. Kobayashi died after a short illness on April 19, 2005. George was a unique individual who was an eminent and accomplished scientist and a fun loving character who always entertained and enlightened everyone around him. He was born in the Bay Area of California where his father owned a small business. His life changed abruptly after the attack on Pearl Harbor when he and his family were interned with thousands of other Japanese Americans in relocation camps for the duration of the Second World War. Despite the hardships in the camp, George excelled academically and also developed and maintained a sense of humor, which became one of his trademarks in later life. After the war and a stint in the army, George received his degree in Food Science from the University of California, Berkeley. After an interval during which he met and married his wife Mari, George received his Ph.D. in Microbiology from Tulane University. He was recruited to Washington University in 1963 and remained on the faculty until his retirement in 1999 as a Professor of Medicine and Molecular Microbiology and Associate Director of the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory of Barnes-Jewish Hospital.

During his career at Washington University, George was truly a "triple threat". He was an outstanding teacher and mentor, an excellent investigator and an expert clinical mycologist who always had the final word in identifying pathogenic fungi isolated from clinical specimens. Under his leadership, Washington University became a center for training medical mycologists and for research in pathogenic fungi. George and his collaborators studied cellular differentiation in the pathogenic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. He had more than 175 publications and was a popular visiting professor and lecturer. He served in various capacities in the American Society for Microbiology. He was a founding member and past president of the Mycological Society of America. He also served as a member of research study sections for the National Institutes of Health and was on advisory committees for the Food and Drug Administration and the American Type Culture Collection.

George had an outstanding career as a medical mycologist and received many honors for his accomplishments. I believe among his most important contributions were his efforts to help make medical mycology an important focus for government funding and to demonstrate that basic questions in molecular biology could be studied using pathogenic fungi. Many medical mycologists who are presently receiving NIH support for their work on pathogenic fungi are benefited by George's efforts.

Everyone who knew George respected him for his science and also loved him for his personality. There are a thousand funny stories about George and knowing him and working with him for 35 years, I know and believe them all. He was a scholar and a unique character, who also was a loving, devoted husband, father and grandfather. His wife Mari, his four children Pat, Dale, Kimi and Scott, and his grandchildren all miss him terribly and so do the medical mycologists and all who knew him personally and professionally.

Gerald Medoff

The Donald L. Greer and Paul H. Jacobs Medical Mycology Resources Library, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

The Department of Dermatology at LSUHSC, New Orleans, USA is proud to accept the generous gift of the personal library of books and teaching materials in the field of medical mycology from Dr. Donald L. Greer, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, LSU Health Sciences Center, and Dr. Paul H. Jacobs, M.D., Professor Emeritus, Stanford University.

The personal library of Dr. Jacobs was granted through his will to Dr. Greer. Dr. Greer retired as Professor from LSUHSC and as Director of the TB/Mycology Clinical Laboraory at Charity Hospital in 2001. The combined teaching material represents over 75 years of references, books, clinical images and teaching manuals in the area of clinical medical mycology.

This library wil be one of the few at the university level dedicated exclusively to the study of clinical medical mycology with strong emphasis in dermatomycology. Drs. Greer and Jacobs hope that this resource will be used wisely and well for the advancement of knowledge in the study of fungi which they loved so well.

The Pan-African Medical Mycology Society founded
The Pan-African Medical Mycology Society (PAMMS) was founded on 25 January 2005 during a small but very successful meeting, entitled, Medical Mycology: The African Perspective, that was held in Hartenbos, South Africa. The meeting was held under the auspices of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology (ISHAM) and the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM). The PAMMS aims to stimulate contacts between clinicians and researchers with a particular interest in medical mycology from the African continent and abroad. Diverse topics in medical mycology were presented during the meeting, ranging from yeast infections caused by Candida and Cryptococcus, to mycetoma, subcutaneous and systemic infections, and diseases caused by lesser-known fungi. This meeting indicated that Africa has much to offer in medical mycology, both from a clinical and a scientific point of view. Presenters were sponsored ISHAM, ECMM, and by the newly initiated Africa Fund for Fungal Biodiversity and Mycotic Infections.

Health problems in Africa are still enormous and in many parts of the continent geographically restricted and unique. In contrast to the industrial world, where prevalent and emerging disease entities are primarily linked with immunosuppression in leukemia patients or transplant recipients, African mycoses occur in healthy individuals or are associated with HIV/AIDS. The impact of cryptococcosis as an AIDS-defining disease in Southern Africa is particularly dramatic and shows high morbidity and mortality rates in spite of antifungal prophylaxis in trial subjects. The incidence of AIDS is as high as 16% of the total population, while less than 1% of AIDS patients receive antiretroviral therapy in this area. Concerted action is therefore needed to establish the incidences of fungal diseases and to decrease morbidity and mortality of major mycoses in Africa. Much progress has been made with molecular diagnostics, animal models and therapy of fungal mycetoma, particularly in areas such as the Sudan where the disease still has a high incidence. An impressive demonstration of the disease 'Noma', occurring among the poor in Sahel Africa, showed an extremely mutilating disorder of which the aetiological agent is still unknown.

Scientifically, the continent provides very interesting disease models and materials for epidemiology and population genetics. An African clade that stands out as a separate entity is known within Candida albicans, with clinical predilection differing from that of other clades, is being explored. Systemic infections by melanized fungi occur throughout the continent. Much progress has been made with sporotrichosis and Sporothrix schenckii, and presentations given at the Congress of the Southern African Society for Plant Pathology (SASPP), which was held concurrently in Hartenbos, presented much new information. Other presentations were concerned with dermatophytes, hyaline fungi, and Histoplasma.

The Abstracts of oral presentations and posters of the Hartenbos symposium can be viewed at, and some hard copies of the proceedings still can be obtained for free at

The inaugural meeting of the PAMMS, the Pan-African Medical Mycology Society, of which mycologists of the African continent will automatically be assumed to be a member, followed the scientific symposium. A steering committee, consisting of Hester Vismer (Tygerberg, South Africa), Ifeoma Enweani (Ekpoma, Nigeria) and El Sheikh Mahgoub (Khartoum, Sudan), will look after PAMMS during its first few years. Membership of the PAMMS is free, as the Africa Fund for Fungal Biodiversity and Mycotic Infections, initiated by Sybren de Hoog and Jacques Meis, will cover the initial costs of the Society. Please apply for membership with Hester Vismer ( The Africa Fund for Fungal Biodiversity and Mycotic Infections has limited resources for training of African students in Europe; applications may be sent to A second meeting of PAMMS is scheduled for the year 2007 in South Africa.

Sybren de Hoog, Hester Vismer

A new mycolological web site has been launched: Medical Mycology:

Educational Programs for Asia, presented by Professors Glen S Bulmer and Li Ruo Yu. See more at: